Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III and Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg conduct a bilateral exchange at the Pentagon, Washington, D.C., June 7, 2021. DOD photo by U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Brittany A. Chase.
Photo Caption & Credits

2021 USAF & USSF Almanac: DOD Personnel

June 30, 2021

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DOD TOTAL FORCE END STRENGTH

(In thousands, as of Sept. 30, 2020)

FISCAL YEAR 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Active-Duty Military Enacted Req
USAF 311 317 323 326 328 330 329 328
Army 491 475 476 476 484 481 486 485
Marine Corps 184 184 185 186 186 181 181 179
Navy 328 325 324 330 337 342 348 346
USSF * 6 8
Full-time Guard
and Reserve
76 76 75 79 83 87
enact
90
req
 
TOTAL 1,390 1,378 1,382 1,397 1,422      
                 
Selected Reserve
Air National Guard 106 106 106 107 107 107 108 108
AFRC 68 69 69 69 69 69 71 70
Army National Guard 350 342 344 335 336 336 337 336
Army Reserve 199 198 194 189 191 189 190 190
Marine Corps Reserve 39 38 39 38 38 36 36 37
Navy Reserve 57 58 58 59 60 59 59 59
TOTAL 819 812 810 797 801 796 801 800
                 
Appropriated-Fund
Civilian Full-time Equivalents
DAF 166 167 167 170 172 170 173 176
Army 206 195 191 189 190 251 185 187
Navy/Marine Corps 199 204 206 209 218 220 210 211
Defense Agencies 187 189 191 193 216 114 210 212
TOTAL 758 755 756 761 796 755 778 786
Sources: Defense Manpower Data Center, Number of Military and DoD Appropriated Fund (APF) Civilian Personnel Permanently Assigned; National Defense Budget Estimates for 2021 and 2022.
*85 military personnel had transferred into the USSF as of Sept. 30, 2020.
Totals may not add precisely due to rounding.
Airmen assigned to the 77th Weapons Squadron, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, greet each other before a U.S. Air Force Weapons School integration exercise at Nellis AFB, Nev. William Lewis

DOD MILITARY DEMOGRAPHICS BY SERVICE

(As of Sept. 2020)

DOD % DAF %
Highest Educational Achievement    
No High School Diploma or GED 27,106 1.3 45 ****
High School Diploma/GED or Some College 1,400,410 65.8 169,725 51.8
Associate Degree 176,887 8.3 63,451 19.4
Bachelor’s Degree 318,447 15.0 50,200 15.3
Advanced Degree 175,358 8.2 40,130 12.2
Unknown 29,317 1.4 4,327 1.3
Ethnicity      
Hispanic or Latino 329,453 15.5 49,229 15.0
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,798,072 84.5 278,649 85.0
Marital Status        
Divorced 114,732 5.4 19,277 5.9
Married 1,020,572 48.0 176,682 53.9
Never Married 988,964 46.5 131,692 40.2
Other** 3,257 0.2 227 0.1
Race        
American Indian or Alaska Native 20,722 1.0 2,306 0.7
Asian 97,320 4.6 13,464 4.1
Black or African American 358,742 16.9 48,257 14.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 21,065 1.0 3,867 1.2
White 1,501,942 70.6 233,904 71.3
Multi-racial*** 53,605 2.5 14,207 4.3
Other/Unknown 74,129 3.5 11,873 3.6
Sex        
Female 390,071 18.3 68,137 20.8
Male 1,737,454 81.7 259,741 79.2
Chief Master Sgt. Mark Umfleet, 317th Airlift Wing command chief, tests HaptX Gloves Development Kit 2 at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. Airman 1st Class Colin Hollowell
ARMY % MARINE
CORPS
% NAVY %
Highest Educational Achievement      
No High School Diploma or GED 699 0.2 38 **** 833 0.3
High School Diploma/GED or Some College 331,606 69.1 158,325 85.1 230,055 69.2
Associate Degree 27,695 5.8 3,974 2.1 22,616 6.8
Bachelor’s Degree 77,045 16.1 18,050 9.7 41,103 12.4
Advanced Degree 41,316 8.6 4,635 2.5 22,996 6.9
Unknown 1,424 0.3 987 0.5 14,925 4.5
Ethnicity          
Hispanic or Latino 77,440 16.1 41,956 22.6 52,929 15.9
Not Hispanic or Latino 402,345 83.9 144,053 77.4 279,599 84.1
Marital Status            
Divorced 24,019 5.0 5,546 3.0 14,147 4.3
Married 253,262 52.8 75,157 40.4 166,708 50.1
Never Married 201,950 42.1 105,219 56.6 150,556 45.3
Other** 554 0.1 87 0.1 1,117 0.3
Race            
American Indian or Alaska Native 3,574 0.7 1,953 1.1 6,794 2.0
Asian 23,859 5.0 5,780 3.1 19,007 5.7
Black or African American 102,746 21.4 19,389 10.4 57,344 17.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5,589 1.2 2,015 1.1 3,848 1.2
White 324,351 67.6 148,657 79.9 205,524 61.8
Multi-racial*** n/a n/a 2,267 1.2 23,122 7.0
Other/Unknown 19,666 4.1 5,948 3.2 16,889 5.1
Sex            
Female 73,365 15.3 16,621 8.9 66,637 20.0
Male 406,420 84.7 169,388 91.1 265,891 80.0
*DOD numbers combine both active and reserve; the others are Active-duty only. **Includes annulled, widowed, and unknown.
***Army and Army Reserve do not report “Multi-racial.”
****Less than 0.1%.
Senior Airman Annalisse Jaramillo, 349th Security Force Squadron member, awaits takeoff in a C-17 Globemaster III during exercise Nexus Dawn at Travis Air Force Base, Calif. 2nd Lt. Daniel Phelps

DOD ACTIVE DUTY BY
ENLISTED/OFFICER AND SEX

(As of Sept. 30, 2020)

DOD % DAF %
Cadet/Midshipman 13,190 1.0 4,176 1.3
Female 3,549 26.9 1,194 28.6
Male 9,641 73.1 2,982 71.4
Enlisted 1,099,125 81.6 265,369 79.5
Female 185,687 16.9 55,239 20.8
Male 913,438 83.1 210,130 79.2
Officer 234,336 17.4 64,245 19.3
Female 44,199 18.9 14,325 22.3
Male 190,137 81.1 49,920 77.7
TOTAL ACTIVE DUTY 1,346,651   333,790  
Honor Guard members from Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, line up to present the colors during a Memorial Day ceremony in Fairborn, Ohio. Wesley Farnsworth
ARMY % MARINE
CORPS
% NAVY %
Cadet/Midshipman 4,490 0.9 0 0.0 4,524 1.3
Female 1,070 23.8 0 0.0 1,285 28.4
Male 3,420 76.2 0 0.0 3,239 71.6
Enlisted 387,911 79.9 159,508 88.2 286,337 82.6
Female 57,594 14.9 14,301 9.0 58,553 20.5
Male 330,317 85.2 145,207 91.0 227,784 79.6
Officer 92,982 19.2 21,450 11.9 55,659 16.1
Female 16,951 18.2 1,847 8.6 11,076 19.9
Male 76,031 81.8 19,603 91.4 44,583 80.1
TOTAL ACTIVE DUTY 485,383   180,958   346,520  
Sources: Defense Manpower Data Center, Active Duty Military Personnel by Rank/Grade and Service; and Table of Active Duty Females by Rank/Grade and Service
DOD