The Delta IV Heavy NROL-44 rocket launches from Space Launch Complex-37 on Dec. 10, 2020, at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Fla. The NROL-44 mission is the first mission to launch from the Eastern Range after the historic range's name change to Cape Canaveral SFS on Dec. 9, 2020. Senior Airman Zoe Thacker
Photo Caption & Credits

2021 USAF & USSF Almanac: U.S. Space Force

July 1, 2021

The U.S. Space Force was created on Dec. 20, 2019. The Space Force exists as a separate military service within the Department of the Air Force, with its own service chief.  The Chief of Space Operations is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

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Missions and Functions. The 2020 National Defense Authorization Act assigned these duties to the Space Force: 

(1) Protect the interests of the United States in space.
(2) Deter aggression in, from, and to space.
(3) Conduct space operations.

People. The Space Force includes a combination of uniformed military and civilian personnel. As of spring 2021, some 6,000 members had transferred from the Air Force, and members of the other services are also now eligible to transition to become Guardians. Most large Space Force commands, however, will continue to be manned by both Guardians and Airmen, as the Space Force will rely on Air Force members to perform most support functions, such as lawyers, doctors, civil engineers, logisticians, chaplains, and financial managers. 

In time, the Space Force is expected to comprise 15,000 to 16,000 Active duty members, plus Reservists, Guardsmen, and civilian personnel.

Office of the Chief of Space Operations. The Chief of Space Operations leads the Space Force, responsible for defining space doctrine, organizing space forces, and manning, training, and equipping those forces. To sustain the Space Force over time, the headquarters leads strategy, planning, research and development, and sets the operational requirements to ensure joint warfighter capabilities are fielded and available as needed. Space Space Systems Command  will manage acquisition. 

Recruiting, Accession, and Initial Training. The Air Force handles recruiting and most day-to-day personnel matters. The planned Space Training and Readiness Command is not yet formally established. Air Force Officer Training School, Reserve Officer Training Corps, and the Air Force Academy are the sources for new officers and the Air Force Basic Military Training (BMT) structure trains new enlisted members.

U.S. Space Force Budget Summary

(IN MILLIONS)

FUNDING 2021 Enacted 2022 Requested
Operations & Maintenance 2,569 3,406
Research Development Test & Evaluation 10,540 11,265
Procurement 2,311 2,767
TOTAL 15,420 17,438
MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 2021 Enacted 2021 Enacted
Facilities and Housing 9,979 12,764
Authorized Manpower  2021 Enacted 2022 Requested
Military 6,434 8,400
Civilian 3,545 4,364
TOTAL FORCE PERSONAL 9,979 12,764
Major USSF Procurement Quantities  2021 Enacted 2022 Requested
National Security Space Launches 3 5
GPS-III and Follow-on 2 2

Headquarters: Pentagon, Va.
Date of current designation: Dec. 20,2019

  • Secretary of the Air Force, John P. Roth (Acting)
Gen. John W. “Jay” Raymond, Chief of Space Operations
Chief Master Sgt. Roger A. Towberman, Senior Enlisted Leader
  • Vice Chief of Space Operations
  • Director of Staff
  • Support (Staff Action Group, Protocol, Resources, IT & Admin, Total Force Integration)

USSF PERSONNEL

Active Duty as of Dec. 20, 2020
Active duty entering via transfers and accessions 2,253*
Selects**:   6,111
*As of Dec. 20, 2020
**Does not guarantee transfer

CAREER FIELDS

Space Force began accepting transfers Sept. 1, 2020, in the following career fields

ENLISTED
1C6 Space Systems Operations
1NX Space Intelligence
3D0 Cyber Operations Officer
OFFICER
13S Space Operations
14N Space Intelligence
17D Cyber Operations
17X Cyber Warfare
63A Acquisitions
63E Acquisitions Engineer

FIELD COMMANDS

Space Operations Command

  • Headquarters: Peterson AFB, Colo.
  • Date of activation:  Oct. 21, 2020
  • Commander: Lt. Gen. Stephen N. Whiting
MAJCOM
MAJOR UNITS LOCATION MISSION
Space Delta 2 Peterson AFB, Colo. Space domain space awareness
Space Delta 3 Peterson AFB, Colo. Electronic warfare
Space Delta 4 Buckley SFB, Colo. Missile warning
Space Delta 5 Vandenberg SFB, Calif. Operational level command and control
Space Delta 6 Schriever AFB, Colo.  Satellite control network, defensive 
Space Delta 7 Peterson AFB, Colo. ISR
Space Delta 8 Schriever AFB, Colo.  Satcoms, position, navigation, timing
Space Delta 9 Schriever AFB, Colo.  Defensive ops, Space domain awareness 
Buckley Garrison Buckley SFB, Colo. Mission support

Space Systems Command

  • Headquarters when activated:  Los Angeles AFB, Calif.
  • Anticipated activation: Summer 2021
  • Commander: [TBD]
MAJOR UNITS LOCATION MISSION
Four Corps: Atlas/Development/Production/Enterprise Los Angeles AFB, Calif. Acquisition
Space Development Agency** Pentagon Acquisition
Space Launch Delta 30 Vandenberg SFB, Calif. Space launch, ICBM test, launch range operations
Space Launch Delta 45 Patrick SFB, Fla.  Space launch, launch range operations 
Space Rapid Capabilities Office Kirtland AFB, N.M.  Acquisition
*Partial list as known at press time.
**Transfers from the Office of the Secretary of Defense to USSF before fiscal 2023.

Space Training and Readiness Command

  • Headquarters when activated:  TBD
  • Anticipated activation: 2021
  • Commander: [TBD]
MAJOR UNITS* LOCATION MISSION
25th Space Range Squadron Schriever AFB, Colo. Operates the space test and training range
527th Space Aggressor Squadron Schriever AFB, Colo. Simulates adversary threats for training 
705th Combat Training Squadron Operating Location Alpha  Schriever AFB, Colo. Virtual exercises
National Security Space Institute Peterson AFB, Colo. Space education and training
USAF Warfare Center, Detachment 1 Schriever AFB, Colo. Operational test and evaluation, tactics development, and training
*Partial list as known at press time.
An artist rendering of a Lockheed Martin built-GPS III satellite. Lockheed Martin photo.

SATELLITES IN SERVICE OVER TIME

(As of Sept. 30, 2020)

Type of System FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20
AEHF 3 3 3 3 4 5 5
ATRR 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
DMSP 6 6 6 5 5 4 4
DSCS 7 6 6 6 6 6 6
GPS 38 41 37 35 31 29 31
GSSAP 2 2 4 4 4 4 4
Milstar 5 5 5 5 5 5 4
ORS-5 1 1
SBIRS 2 2 2 3 7 6 6
SBSS 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
WGS 4 6 7 7 9 10 10
Total Satellites 70 73 71 72 77 72 73+
AEHF: Advanced Extremely High Frequency;ATRR: Advanced Technology Risk Reduction; DMSP: Defense Meteorological Satellite Prg.; DSCS: Defense Satellite Communications System;  GPS: Global Positioning System; GSSAP: Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Prg.; ORS-5: Operationally Responsive Space-5; SBIRS: Space Based Infrared System; SBSS: Space Based Surveillance System; WGS: Wideband Global SATCOM.
Source: TAI as of Sept. 30, 2020

MAJOR USSF PROGRAMS

RDT&E
(Current $ millions)

PROGRAM 2019 2020 2021
Req
2021
Enacted
2022
Req
AEHF 144.8 117.3 138.3 90 28.2
Counterspace Systems 20.2 27 54.7 57.2 38.1
NSSL 443 432 561 551 221.5
Next-Gen OPIR 643.1 1,470.30 2,318.90 2,318.90 2,451.25
Space Fence 19.4 0 N/A N/A N/A
Weather System
Follow-On
138.1 207.9 2.5 2.5 1.44
Protected Tactical Service 29.6 163.7 205.2 200.2 243.3
Protected Tactical Enterprise Service 46.4 105 114.4 109.4 100.3
Space Test Program 25.6 26.1 26.5 26.5 20.9
Space C2* 70.4 75.8 149.7 149.7 154.5
Polar MILSATCOM 26.4 412.4 190.2 190.2 127.9
Wideband Global SATCOM 4 1.9 0 N/A N/A
GPS III
Space Segment
141.4 42.4 10.8 10.8 7.2
GPS III
Follow-On Satellites
426.9 447.9 263.5 285.5 264.3
GPS III Operational Control Segment 491.6 445.3 482 482 413.8

PROCUREMENT
(Current $ millions)

PROGRAM 2019 2020 2021
Req
2021
Enacted
2022
Req
AEHF 29.8 21.9 14.8 7.8 0
Counterspace Systems 1.1 5.7 65.5 49.16 64.8
NSSL 954.6 1,237.6 1,043.2 996.4 1,337.3
Next-Gen OPIR N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Space Fence 46.4 57.8 11.3 11.3 0
Weather System
Follow-On
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Protected Tactical Service N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Protected Tactical Enterprise Service N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Space Test Program N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Space C2* N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Polar MILSATCOM N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Wideband Global SATCOM 12.1 0 0 N/A N/A
GPS III
Space Segment
69.4 31.5 20.1 20.1 84.45
GPS III
Follow-On Satellites
0 394.6 627.8 597.8 601.4
GPS III Operational Control Segment N/A N/A N/A N/A