A KC-46A Pegasus assigned to the 916th Air Refueling Wing at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base flies over North Carolina. Senior Airman Kimberly Barrera
Photo Caption & Credits

2022 USAF & USSF Almanac: Spending

July 1, 2022

The Defense Department Budget rolls up the total spending by each military department—the Departments of the Air Force (which also includes the Space Force), the Navy (which also includes the Marine Corps), and the Army. Budget figures sometimes disagree, either because of rounding or because of different approaches to financial reporting. Variations appearing among the tables on the following pages are due to one or the other factor. 

Thank you for reading Air Force Magazine!

AFA members make Air Force Magazine possible. Non-member visitors are limited to 5 free articles per month. To login click here. Not a member? Click here.

You have 4 free articles remaining this month.

  • DOD Budget Authority
  • DOD Spending as a Percentage of GDP
  • Federal Spending as a Percentage of GDP 
  • Federal Spending as Percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • DOD Budget By Service, Including Pass-Through
  • DOD Budget Shares: 2021 vs. 2022 vs. 2023  
  • DOD Budget Shares By Military Department
  • DOD Budget by Spending Category
  • DAF Budget by Spending Category
  • DAF Spending VS. Pass-Through
  • Major USAF Programs

DOD BUDGET AUTHORITY

($ billions)

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022* 2023**
Base Budget $521.4 $523.5 $600 $616 $633 $635
With Supplementals*** $595.7 $626.2 $671 $688 $723 $704
***2021 includes supplemental funding for U.S. Capitol Security ($521 million) and Operation Allies Welcome ($500 million). 2022 includes supplemental funding for Operation Allies Welcome ($6.512 billion), Natural Disaster Relief ($895 million), Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility ($350 million), and Ukraine ($6.528 billion).
Source: Budget of the U.S. Government, Fiscal Year 2023

DOD Spending as Percentage of GDP

Percent by Fiscal Year

Budget

Federal Spending as a Percentage of GDP 

Federal_Spending

Federal Spending as Percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Year Total Outlays Defense Entitlements Other
1962 20.2 9 5.7 5.5
1963 19.6 8.7 5.5 5.4
1964 21.2 8.3 5.6 7.3
1965 21.6 7.2 5.3 9.1
1966 22.5 7.6 5.3 9.6
1967 22.9 8.6 5.7 8.6
1968 21.6 9.2 6.4 6.0
1969 22.2 8.4 6.3 7.5
1970 21.9 7.8 6.7 7.4
1971 21.1 7.1 7.4 6.6
1972 20.7 6.5 7.9 6.3
1973 20.6 5.7 8.2 6.7
1974 21.2 5.4 8.5 7.3
1975 21.7 5.5 10.3 5.9
1976 21.5 5 10.3 6.2
1977 20.8 4.8 9.7 6.3
1978 20.4 4.6 9.7 6.1
1979 20.0 4.6 9.3 6.1
1980 19.6 4.8 10.1 4.7
1981 18.9 5.0 10.5 3.4
1982 18.5 5.6 10.9 2.0
1983 18.0 5.9 11.3 0.8
1984 17.7 5.8 10.0 1.9
1985 17.7 5.9 10.2 1.6
1986 18.6 6 9.9 2.7
1987 19.2 5.9 9.7 3.6
1988 19.1 5.7 9.6 3.8
1989 19.3 5.5 9.5 4.3
1990 19.5 5.1 10.3 4.1
1991 19.1 5.2 10.4 3.5
1992 20.2 4.7 10.7 4.8
1993 24.3 4.3 10.5 9.5
1994 23.2 3.9 10.5 8.8
1995 23.3 3.6 10.4 9.3
1996 21.9 3.3 10.4 8.2
1997 20.7 3.2 10.2 7.3
1998 20.2 3.0 10.2 7.0
1999 20.4 2.9 9.9 7.6
2000 20.8 2.9 9.8 8.1
2001 20.7 2.9 10.0 7.8
2002 20.2 3.2 10.7 6.3
2003 21.0 3.6 11.0 6.4
2004 31.3 3.8 10.8 16.7
2005 30.5 3.8 10.8 15.9
2006 24.1 3.8 10.9 9.4
2007 22.7 3.8 10.7 8.2
2008 20.2 4.1 11.4 4.7
2009 24.3 4.5 15.1 4.7
2010 23.2 4.6 13.4 5.2
2011 23.3 4.5 13.7 5.1
2012 21.9 4.2 13.2 4.5
2013 20.7 3.8 12.7 4.2
2014 20.2 3.4 12.6 4.2
2015 20.4 3.2 13.3 3.9
2016 20.8 3.2 13.6 4.0
2017 20.7 3.1 13.6 4.0
2018 20.2 3.1 12.9 4.2
2019 21.0 3.2 13.4 4.4
2020 31.3 3.4 22.4 5.5
2021 30.5 3.3 22.2 5.0
2022 estimate 24.1 3.2 16.6 4.3
2023 estimate 22.7 3.1 14.9 4.7
Sources: Budget of the U.S. Government, Fiscal Year 2023; White House Office of Management and Budget’s Historical Tables

DOD Budget By Service, Including Pass-Through

U.S. Air Force and U.S. Space Force gaming teams watch the launch of the United Launch Alliance Atlas V Starliner OFT-2 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Fla., May 19. Senior Airman Thomas Sjoberg/USSF

($ in millions)

      Enacted   Requested  
  2021 % 2022 % 2022 %
Department of the Air Force $204,574 29.0 $222,279 29.4 $234,116 30.1
USAF 152,818* 21.7* 156,300** 20.7** 169,500*** 21.9
USSF 15,420* 2.2* 17,400** 2.3** 24,500*** 3.2
Pass-Through 35,763* 5.1* 41,437 5.5 40,173 5.2
Army 174,040 24.7 174,845 23.1 177,315 22.9
Department of the Navy 206,936 29.4 221,302 29.3 230,848 29.9
Navy 163,659**** 23.0**** 172,256**** 22.8**** 180,506 23.4
Marine Corps 44,638**** 6.4**** 49,471**** 6.5**** 50,342 6.5
Defense Agencies 119,184 16.9 138,125 18.3 130,721 16.9
Total 704,734   756,560   773,000  
May not add due to rounding.
*Enacted **Requested. Limited detail available ***Limited detail available
****Figures provided in the Department of the Navy’s FY 2022 Budget Card differ from those provided in the Defense Department’s Budget Request Overview.
Sources: Defense Budget Overview, United States Department of Defense Fiscal Year 2023 Budget Request; Department of the Air Force and Department of the Navy FY 2023 budget documents.

DOD Budget Shares: 2021 vs. 2022 vs. 2023  

DOD_BUDGET_SHARES

DOD Budget Shares By Military Department

Special Tactics Operators assigned to the 23rd Special Tactics Squadron, watch a CV-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft assigned to the 8th Special Operations Squadron, take off from the Eglin Range Complex, Fla., Dec. 8, 2021. Tech. Sgt. Carly Kavish

($ millions)

Enacted Requested
  2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
DAF* $196,066 $206,691 $204,574 $222,279 $234,116
% 28.3 29.0 29.0 29.4 30.3
Army  $181,166  $184,195  $174,040  $174,845  $177,315
% 26.1 26.2 24.7 23.1 22.9
Navy/Marine Corps  $197,778  $209,383  $206,936  $221,302  $230,848
% 28.54 29.8 29.4 29.3 29.9
Defense Agencies  $117,991  $122,955  $119,184  $138,125  $130,721
% 17.0 17.5 16.9 18.3 16.9
Total $693,001  $723,224  $704,734  $756,560  $773,000
*Includes Pass-Through

DOD Budget by Spending Category

(Base budget not including war funding; current $ billions)

Enacted Requested
2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Military Personnel  $144.70  $149.90  $162.80  $166.70  $173.90
O&M  $231.40  $237.20  $283.60  $294.60  $309.30
Procurement  $133.80  $129.10  $140.70  $145.20  $145.90
RDT&E  $94.10  $103.60  $105.90  $118.80  $130.10
Military Construction  $8.80  $9.90  $7.10  $13.30  $10.20
Family Housing  $1.60  $1.50  $1.40  $1.50  $2.00
Revolving Funds  $1.90  $2.30  $2.20  $2.10  $1.60
Total  $616.40  $633.30  $703.70  $742.30  $773.00
Base budget, not including overseas contingency operations, a.k.a. war funding, in fiscal years 2015-2021. OCO are not listed separately in the fiscal 2022 request; instead, the base request includes $42.1 billion for Direct War and Enduring Operations costs.
*Actual figures for fiscal 2020 had not been published by the Defense comptroller by press time.
Source: Defense Budget Overview, United States Department of Defense Fiscal Year 2023 Budget Request; National Defense Budget Estimates for 2022
A KC-135R Stratotanker sits in front of the new $31 million aircraft maintenance hangar at the 134th Air Refueling Wing, McGhee Tyson ANG Base, Tenn. The new hangar has the capability of housing the new next-generation air refueling aircraft, the KC-46 Pegasus, which the unit hopes to acquire in the future. Senior Master Sgt. Kendra Owenby

DAF Budget by Spending Category

(Base budget in $ billions; does not include war or emergency funding)

Enacted Requested
  2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Military Personnel  $37.41 $39.40 $42.80 $38.60 $40.40
O&M  $51.24 $53.40 $65.50 $69.00 $72.00
Procurement  $43.18 $43.30 $47.80 $27.10 $29.30
RDT&E  $40.55 $45.30 $46.20 $41.70 $49.20
Military Construction $1.95 $2.40 $1.30 $3.50 $2.40
Family Housing $0.40 $0.40 $0.40 $0.40 $0.60
Revolving and Management $0.08 $0.20 $0.40 $0.50 $0.10
Total $174.81 $184.50 $204.50 $180.80 $194.00
           
Enacted Requested
% Change 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Military Personnel 7.8 5.3 8.6 9.8 4.7
O&M 2.1 4.3 22.7 5.3 4.3
Procurement 3.5 0.2 10.4 43.3 8.1
RDT&E 40.1 11.6 2.0 9.7 18.0
Military Construction -10.6 20.0 45.8 169.2 -31.4
Family Housing 17.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0
Revolving and Management 16.4 100.0 100.0 0.3 -80.0
Total 1.8 5.5 10.8 -11.6 7.3
Source: Defense Budget Overview, United States Department of Defense Fiscal Year 2023 Budget Request; National Defense Budget Estimates for FY 2022.

DAF Spending VS. Pass-Through

(Total Obligation Authority; $ in billions)

Enacted* Enacted* Enacted Requested
  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
DAF $136.6 $151.5 $156.8 $168.1 $168.20 180.8 193.9
Pass-Through 34.3 37.2 37.8 39.0 37.3 41.4 40.2
Total 170.9 188.7 194.6 207.1 205.5 222.3 234.1
Pass-Through % 20.1% 19.7% 19.4% 18.8% 18.2% 18.6% 17.2%
*Actual spending figures distinguishing DAF spending from pass-through spending weren’t available for fiscal 2020 or 2021 by press time.
Sources: Department of Defense and Department of the Air Force Fiscal Year 2022 and 2023 Budget Requests

Major USAF Programs

Twenty-five F-35A Lightning IIs assigned to the 354th Fighter Wing prepare to launch during exercise Arctic Gold 21-2 at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. Senior Airman Beaux Hebert

RDT&E

Major USAF Programs

The first F-15EX arrives at its new home station, Eglin AFB, Florida, 11 March, 2021. Tech. Sgt. John McRell

Procurement